STDs & Safe Sex
What is it?
A common sexually transmitted bacterial infection. In addition to infecting the cervix or urethra, it can infect the throat or rectum. Sexually active individuals should be tested at least once a year.
How is it harmful?
It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in women and severe inflammation of the urinary tract in men. It can cause severe arthritis (Reiter’s syndrome) in women and men; if the mother is infected at the time of delivery, it can cause blindness in newborns.
What are the symptoms?
For women, the early stages usually have no symptoms. Symptoms usually occur 2-3 weeks after infection and can include vaginal discharge or recurring irritation. For men, gonorrhea usually includes penile discharge and severe burning during urination.
What is the treatment?
Antibiotics; however, long-term complications (such as infertility) may not be reversible.